Hypertext Timeline

1945 Vannevar Bush (Science Advisor to President Roosevelt during WW2) proposes Memex in "As We May Think."
1965 Ted Nelson invents the word hypertext.
1967 Andries van Dam develops the Hypertext Editing System at Brown University, followed by the introduction of FRESS in 1968.
1968 Doug Engelbart gives a demo of NLS at FJCC, a part of the Augment project, started in 1962. Links can be across machines.
1975 A team at Carnegie Mellon University, headed by Robertson, develops the ZOG system, which later becomes KMS.
1978 A team at MIT, headed by Andrew Lippman, develops the Aspen Movie Map, the first true example of a multimedia application including a videodisk. Created at the MIT Architecture Machine Group, which later becomes the Media Lab.
1979 Ted Nelson begins Xanadu project, which is bought by Autodesk in 1988 and subsequently dropped four years later. The idea was to create a central, pay-per-document database of all written information. Xanadu FAQ.
1984 Filevision from Telos: hypermedia database for Macintosh.
1985 Janet Walker develops the Symbolics Document Examiner, the first hypertext system used by "real" customers.
NoteCards from Xerox: fixed card-sized chunks of information
Intermedia from Brown University: Link database runs parallel to text for notation. It's easy to create a different link database for different purposes while preserving the original document.
1986 OWL introduces Guide for the Macintosh, based on the Unix Guide system, developed by Peter Brown at the University of Kent. Allows text and graphics.
1987 Apple delivers HyperCard free with every Macintosh, the first widely available personal hypermedia authoring system. Not as simple as HTML because most documents require writing a script.
The ACM organizes the first Conference on Hypertext. (Hypertext '87)
1989 Tim Berners-Lee proposes the World Wide Web (WWW)
1990 ECHT (European Conference on HyperText)
1991 World Wide Web at CERN becomes first global hypertext.
1992 New York Times Book Review cover story on hypertext fiction
1993 The National Center for Supercomputing Applications Introduces Mosaic, programmed by Marc Andreesson and Eric Bina.
International Workshop on Hypermedia and Hypertext Standards, Amsterdam.
First WWW developers' conference in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Hypertext Conference in Seattle, Washington.
A Hard Day's Night becomes the first full-length feature film in hypermedia, distribued via compact disc.
Hypermedia encyclopedias sell more copies than print encyclopedias.
1994 First World Wide Web Conference held in Geneva Switzerland.
WWW surpasses 1 terabyte of data per month on the NSFnet backbone, surpassing gopher traffic.
Jim Clark and Marc Andreessen form Mosaic Communications Corporation, which will soon becomes Netscape Communications Corporation.
World Conference on Educational Multimedia and Hypermedia in Vancouver, Canada.
European Conference on Hypermedia Technology, Edinburgh, Scotland. Federal Mosaic Consortium Created.
1995 Netscape Corporation gains market value of almost $500 Million on first day of stock market trading.

Chris Boraski